As of its first meeting last year, this week’s flyby will also bring the spacecraft to about 200 km high above the ground. The nearest route is expected at 09:44 UT (11:44 CEST).
The primary purpose of the flyby is to use the planet’s gravitational force to fine-tune the BepiColombo route. Launched in space at Ariane 5 from the European Spaceport in Kourou in October 2018, BepiColombo uses nine planetary flies: one on Earth, two on Venus, and six on Mercury, as well as the space shuttle system. To help direct the orbit of Mercury against the gravitational force of our Sun.
Although BepiColombo is in the “trim” state-of-the-art flyways, many tools are not fully functional. However, it can still capture the fantastic taste of Mercury science to enhance our understanding and knowledge of the inner planet of the solar system. The sequence will be taken by three BepiColombo surveillance cameras showing the planet’s surface. At the same time, a multitude of magnetic monitoring tools, plasma, and particles will capture the environment from near and far from the planet in the near hours.
“Even among the passing flybys this ‘capture’ of science is very important,” said Johannes Beckhoff, a scientist for the ESA project BepiColombo. “We will be able to fly our world-class science laboratory through a variety of untested parts of the Mercury ecosystem that we can never reach once in orbit, and get off to a good start with preparations to ensure we move on to the great science campaign. As quickly and smoothly as possible.”
A unique feature of BepiColombo’s equipment is its dual-core space environment. Mercury Planetary Orbiter, led by ESA, and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, led by JAXA, Mio, will be introduced in parallel orbits around the planet in the third module, ESA’s Mercury Transfer Module, in 2025. Working together, they will learn all the details of this mysterious inner planet, from its roots to the higher processes, the magnetic field, and the exosphere, a better understanding of the origin and origin of the Earth near its parent star. The double view is the key to understanding the magnetospheric processes driven by the wind. BepiColombo will break new ground by providing unparalleled visualization of the planet’s magnetic field and the interaction of solar and planetary air at two different locations simultaneously.