Lake Balkhash, the largest lake in Central Asia, comes from this false satellite imagery taken by the Copernicus Sentinel-2 campaign.

The lake, located in east-central Kazakhastan, is approximately 605 km (376 miles) long from east to west, with a maximum depth of 25 meters (82 feet). The lake’s size varies according to the proportion of water, and its area varies from 15,000 sq km to 19,000 sq km (5,800 sq miles to 7,300 sq miles).

It flows into the Sarymsek Peninsula, which divides Balkhash into two separate hydraulic parts. The western part is wide and shallow, with its waters on this side incredibly fresh and suitable for drinking. On the other hand, the eastern part is narrow and deep, and the water on this vessel’s side is salty and salty. The two parts of the lake are covered with a thin strip, Uzynaral visible in the center of the image, at a depth of 6 meters (20 feet).

The sediment that passes through the Uzynaral Strait is probably caused by tidal waves from the bottom of the lake. This has led to higher visibility and a brighter watercolor in this part of the lake.

The northern shore of Lake Balkhash is steep and rocky, while the southern shoreline is low and sandy, with broad ridges covered with reeds and numerous small lakes. The water from the lake occasionally fills the lowlands.

The high presence of sea ice can be seen in the bright blue-green colors, especially near the southern coast. This color is caused by snow with higher visibility in the visible spectrum than near-infrared. Balkhash usually freezes snow from late November to early April; this photo was taken on November 29, 2021.

South of Balkhash lies the Saryesik-Atyrau Desert, located about 250 miles (250 miles) east of Kazakhastan. There are numerous small lakes, ponds, and swamps in the desert (shown in brown), as well as grassy areas from time to time, supporting a variety of animals and birds.

Sentinel-2 is a piece of dual satellite equipment to provide cover and data delivery required for the European Copernicus system. Regular inspections of equipment in the same area and advanced site repairs allow for changes in water environments to be carefully monitored.

This image was also included in the Earth From Space video embedded above.

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Alice is the Chief Editor with relevant experience of three years, Alice has founded Galaxy Reporters. She has a keen interest in the field of science. She is the pillar behind the in-depth coverages of Science news. She has written several papers and high-level documentation.


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