A new image captures two planets with ancient significance meeting up over the famous old city of Rome on Sunday (May 1).
Venus and Jupiter shone together between the clouds in the image taken by Gianluca Masi, who runs astronomical live streams for the Virtual Telescope Project.
He spotted the duo in the morning sky during conjunction or close approach in the sky. Conjunctions occur from time to time because the eight official planets all orbit in the ecliptic, the plane of our solar system.
“Thin clouds made it possible to see a wonderful colored corona around Venus, due to diffraction of its light by individual small water droplets,” Masi said in an email. He also spotted some Jovian moons, with Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto all visible around Jupiter, he said.
There are records of ancient Romans worshipping both Venus and Jupiter, according to Britannica. Imperial Rome ran from roughly 31 BCE to 476 CE, with a period of republicanism for five centuries before.
Capitoline Jupiter, atop Capitoline Hill, was the oldest known temple of the chief pagan deity, Britannica wrote. “Here there was a tradition of his sacred tree, the oak,” the encyclopedia stated. “Here, too, were kept the Lapides siliceous — pebbles or flint stones — which were used in symbolic ceremonies by the fetiales, the Roman priests who officially declared war or made treaties on behalf of the Roman state.”
Venus was identified with the goddess Aphrodite sometime during the republican era, especially via the famous cult (religious branch) of Venus Erycina imported from nearby Sicily, Britannica said.
A temple was dedicated to the goddess in Rome in 215 BCE, during the Second Punic War that eventually saw the defeat of the iconic Carthaginian general Hannibal. Publius Cornelius Scipio — the general, leading the Romans at the Battle of Zama in 202 BC — received the moniker “Scipio Africanus” following his victory.
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