For the first time, the team of international researchers compiled data from heavy-ion experiments, magnetic field measurements, and other astronomical observations using advanced theoretical modeling to precisely block nuclear properties as they can be found inside neutron stars. The results were published in the journal Nature.
Throughout the universe, neutron stars are born in a supernova explosion that marks the end of the life of a giant star. Sometimes neutron stars are bound to binary systems and will eventually collide. These powerful astrophysical events inflict so much misery that they produce many heavy metals, such as silver and gold. Thus, neutron stars and their collisions are distinct research centers for studying the properties of an object at a concentration more significant than the density within the atomic nuclei. Heavy-ion collision tests performed by particle accelerators are a consistent method of producing and investigating the matter at high pressures and under extreme conditions.
New ideas on the fundamental interactions that exist in the nuclear issue
“Combining nuclear theory knowledge, nuclear research, and astronomy is essential in illuminating the properties of rich neutrons throughout the dense spectrum observed in neutron stars,” said Sabrina Huth, Institute for Nuclear Physics at Technical University Darmstadt, one of the leading authors of the publication. Peter T. H. Pang, lead author of the Institute for Gravitational and Subatomic Physics (GRASP), University of Utrecht, adds: “
Recent advances in multilateral astronomy have allowed a team of international researchers, including researchers from Germany, the Netherlands, the U.S., and Sweden, to discover new insights into the essential coherence of the nuclear issue. In a multiracial effort, researchers incorporated information obtained from heavy-ion collisions into a framework that includes astronomical observations of magnetic signals, gravitational equations, and astrophysics calculations that work well with nuclear physics. Their systematic study incorporates all of these individual directives for the first time, identifying high pressures on the density between neutron stars.