Recently a new state of matter appeared on the scene, which is called the supersolid stare. This matter has both the qualities of a crystal structure of a solid and the properties of a superfluid. It’s a quantum fluid that can flow without friction.
A recent study suggests that investigations done by Francesca Ferlaino and Russell Bisset show the procedure to cool an atomic gas into a super solid material with a circular, two-dimensional shape. The method will help researchers to further study these exotic states of matter and look for features such as turbulent vortices.
The team directed by Francesca Ferlaino from the Department of Experimental Physics at the University of Innsbruck and Quantum Information at the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Innsbruck and the Institute of Quantum Optics was some of the first to create these supersolid states in supercold quantum gases of magnetic atoms.
Now they state that an established method for the creation of supersolids in a one-dimensional crystal is by altering how the particles interact with one another and fail to attain supersolidity in two dimensions.
Thomas Bland says that”However, by developing a new theoretical technique we demonstrate that cooling a gas of magnetic atoms directly into the supersolid regime is a viable method for creating large two-dimensional supersolids,.” He’s the first author of the new study in Physical Review Letters.
He adds that ” in a two-dimensional supersolid system, one can study how vortices form. These vortices described in theory have not yet been demonstrated, but they represent an important consequence of superfluidity,”.