The North Pole and the South Pole are the coldest places on Earth. However, since these places may seem similar, one is more interesting than the other.
So, which pole is the coldest?
The North Pole and the South Pole are cold because their locations above and below the planet mean they do not receive direct light (opening on a new tab) from the sun. In both places, the sun is always low on the horizon, even in the middle of summer. In winter, the sun is very low and does not rise for months at a time.
In addition, the white areas of snow and ice on the poles are very bright. This means that most of the sunlight’s energy reaches the atmosphere, which keeps the atmosphere above incredible.
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Although these features make both poles much colder, the South Pole remains much more complex than the North Pole, according to the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (opens in a new tab). The average annual temperature in Northern Nepal is 40 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 40 degrees Celsius) in winter and 32 F (0 C) in summer. In contrast, the average South Pole is very cold, with an average annual temperature of 76 F (minus 60 C) in winter and minus 18 F (minus 28.2 C) in summer.
Arctic vs. Antarctic
The South Pole is colder than the North Pole lies in the significant differences between them. “The North Pole is a sea, and the South Pole is a continent,” Robin Bell, an environmental scientist at Columbont University’s New York-Doherty Earth Observatory, told Live Science.
The Arctic is a sea surrounded by the Earth, and the Antarctic is a landlocked country. The water cools slightly above the planet, resulting in fewer temperatures. Even when the Arctic Ocean is covered by ice, its warm water temperature has a limited influence on the climate, helping the Arctic remain more generous than the Antarctic.
In addition, while the Arctic is at sea level, Antarctica is the highest continent, with an elevation of 7,500 feet [2,300 m]. The higher the temperature, the higher the temperature.