Physicists have noticed something so exceptional for the first time. The electrons create whirlpools just like a fluid.

This nature is something that scientists have predicted long ago. However, it was never observed before. And it could be the solution to developing more productive and faster next-generation electronics.

“Electron vortices are expected in theory, but there’s been no direct proof, and seeing is believing,” explains one of the researchers behind the new study, physicist Leonid Levitov from MIT.

“Now we’ve seen it, and it’s a clear signature of being in this new regime, where electrons behave as a fluid, not as individual particles.”

The research was a cooperative experiment between MIT, the Weizmann Institute for Science in Israel, and the University of Colorado at Denver.

We already know that electrons are capable of bouncing off each other and flowing without resistance in superconductors. However, this is the outcome of the formation of something known as ‘Cooper pairs’ and isn’t a real example of electrons altogether flowing like a fluid.

An electric current should practically be able to do something similar, but any collective behavior of electrons is usually overridden by pollutants and vibrations in normal metals and semiconductors. These ‘distractions’ knock electrons around while traveling and prevents them from exhibiting fluid-like behavior.

It’s been predicted for a long time that within special materials at near-zero temperatures, these interferences should fade away, allowing the electrons to flow like a fluid. However, the problem was no one had actually been able to prove this till now.

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Alice is the Chief Editor with relevant experience of three years, Alice has founded Galaxy Reporters. She has a keen interest in the field of science. She is the pillar behind the in-depth coverages of Science news. She has written several papers and high-level documentation.


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