New research shows that elliptical craters detected during Saturn’s two moons reveal recent trends in the age and composition of satellites.

Using data from NASA’s Cassini mission, researchers from the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) measured elliptical craters in the Saturn moon Tethys and Dione. Although round cavities are common and form under various impact conditions, oval holes are rare. According to a statement from SwRI, they are believed to start due to slow and shallow impacts.

“Our work aims to answer the broader question of how old these months are,” Sierra Ferguson, lead author of the study and postdoctoral researcher at SwRI, said in a statement. “To address this question, my colleagues and I have mapped the elliptical pits in the area of ‚Äč‚Äčthese moons to determine their size, direction and location on the moon.”

The shape and form of these elliptical shells indicate the trajectories of the potential influences on Tethys and Dione. They were next; understanding potential influencers’ direction allowed researchers to estimate two months.

In Dione, Saturn’s fourth-largest moon, researchers observed a pattern among the elliptical craters found near the equator. The holes appear to be facing east and west, with craters near the moon poles showing irregular shapes, according to the statement.

Researchers have identified the same volcanoes east-west of the equatorial Tethys, the fifth-largest Saturn moon, and several high-latitude craters similar to those on the Neptune Triton moon believed to be caused by ice giant grains. Great gravity. Therefore, the researchers said the same factors are likely to cause high latitude craters detected in Tethys.

“We first interpreted this pattern as representing the two different people who make up these craters,” Ferguson said. “One group was responsible for creating elliptical craters in the equator, and the other, a relatively small number of people, may represent the average number of participants in the vicinity of Saturn.

Researchers suggest that Equator craters are likely to be formed from independent waste disks each month or a single waste disk that has been leaking for two months. The team plans to compare their findings with Saturn with other planets, such as Uranus, to determine how craters formed.

“By using Triton as a guide, Tethys is likely to be billions of years old,” Ferguson said in a statement. “This age scale depends on how much value is available for further impact and when it was available.”

The team needs more data to confirm the findings, but new research could provide insight into the design conditions for these months.

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Alice is the Chief Editor with relevant experience of three years, Alice has founded Galaxy Reporters. She has a keen interest in the field of science. She is the pillar behind the in-depth coverages of Science news. She has written several papers and high-level documentation.

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