The Higgs boson is the fundamental particle that holds the force of the Higgs field, which is responsible for giving other particles their size. The category was first proposed in the mid-60s by Peter Higgs – after whom the character and his colleagues were named.
The particles were finally discovered on July 4, 2012, by researchers at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) – the world’s most powerful particle accelerator – located at the European particle physics laboratory CERN, Switzerland.
The LHC has confirmed the existence of the Higgs camp and the way it increases weight and thus completes the standard model of particle physics – the best description we have of the subatomic world.
As scientists approached the end of the 20th century, the development of particle physics answered many questions that surrounded the natural building blocks of nature. However, as physicists gradually filled the zoo with particles of electrons, protons, bosons, and all kinds of quarks, some pressing questions were not answered forcibly. In the meantime, why are some particles so heavy?
This question inspires the story of the Higgs boson.
WHAT IS A HIGGS BOSON?
According to CERN, the Higgs boson weighs 125 billion electron volts – which is 130 times larger than a proton. And it does not charge for zero spin – a quantum machine equal to the angular force, and Higgs Boson is the only spin-off base particle.
The boson “force carrier” particles begin to form when particles collide, and the boson alternates during this interaction. For example, when two electrons interact, they exchange a photon – a particle that holds the force of magnetic fields.
Because quantum field theory describes the microscopic Earth and the quantum fields that fill the Universe with wave mechanics, a boson can also be described as a wave in the area.
The photon is, therefore, particles and waves from the magnetic field, and the Higgs boson is the particle or “quantized reflection” from the Higgs field when excited. That field produces bulk by its interaction with other particles and the mechanism operated by the Higgs boson called the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism.
WHY IS HIGGS BOSON CALLED ‘PART OF GOD?’
Higgs’ nickname “the God Particle” was reinforced in its discovery, which resulted from popular media. This source is often linked to Nobel Prize-winning physicist Leon Lederman referring to the Higgs boson as the “Goddamn Particle” in frustration about how difficult it was to see it.
Business Insider says that when Lederman wrote a book about the Higgs boson in the 1990s, the title would be “The Goddamn Particle.” Still, the publishers changed this to “The God Particle,” and an intricate connection with religion was drawn, which worries physics. To this day.
However, it is difficult to overestimate the value of the Higgs boson and Higgs stadium in general, as, without this natural feature, no particles can be heavy. That means there are no stars, no planets, and neither are we – something that can help justify its hyperbolic nickname.